Astudy on the nutritional status of diabetics and associated risk factors

Deepashree, B. N. and Jamuna Prakash (2007) Astudy on the nutritional status of diabetics and associated risk factors. Journal of Human Ecology, 21 (4). pp. 269-274. ISSN 0970-9274

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Nutritional status of 115 subjects (56 male and 59 females) suffering with NIDDM andattending a diabetic clinic was determined using standard techniques. A questionnaire was designedto collect information regarding background of patients, family history and clinical history. Anthropometry included measurement of height, weight, mid upper arm circumference and tricep skinfold. Diet history was collected using 24 hr recall and food frequency. Data revealed that a majority ofsubjects were between 50-65 years of age, Hindu by religion, studied up to undergraduate level andwere from lower and middle income group. The onset of disease was noticed between 40-45 years withhigher incidences up to 60 years. The symptom of frequent thirst and urination was more common.Many reported family history of diabetes from parent’s side. Fasting blood sugar level of >120 mg/dlwas reported by majority of subjects. The incidence of anemia was more in women. Among associated risk factors, eye and heart problems were predominant. Anthropometry of patients revealed that 60(M) and 49% (F) of patients were in normal range of BMI, 33.9 (M) and 35.6 % (F) were over weight and5.4 (M)) and 13% (F) were obese. 49 and 34 % of female subjects and 41 and 17 % of male subjects hadhigher than ideal tricep skin fold and waist-hip ratio respectively. Diet survey showed the intake ofcarotene, iron, vitamin C, niacin and riboflavin to be inadequate and that of calcium, fat and thiamineto be adequate.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Food Science and Nutrition
Divisions: Department of > Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: C Swapna Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2019 05:19
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2019 05:19

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