Chemical composition and bioactive potential of dehydrated peels of benincasa hispida, luffa acutangula, and sechium edule

Shyamala, N. B. and Jamuna, P. (2015) Chemical composition and bioactive potential of dehydrated peels of benincasa hispida, luffa acutangula, and sechium edule. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 21 (2). pp. 193-202. ISSN 1540-3580

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Official URL: http://doi.org/ 10.1080/10496475.2014.940437

Abstract

Dehydrated peels from ash gourd (Benincasa hispida), ridge gourd ( Luffa acutangula), and cho-chow marrow ( Sechium edule) were analyzed for chemical composition and bioactive potential. The range of constituents per 100g dry peels were protein, 3 to 15 g;insoluble fiber, 45 to 58 g; ether extractives, 2.3 to 3.3 g; iron,5.1 to 17.4 mg; calcium, 307 to 704 mg; tannins, 580 to 848 mg; carotenoids, 1,712 to 35,663 μg; and ascorbic acid, 37 to 51 mg. Polyphenols, total antioxidant activity, free radical scavenging activity (FRSA), and reducing power of peel were highest in aqueous extracts. FRSA of cho-chow marrow peel was the highest (87.32%) followed by ridge gourd (85.4%) and ash gourd (63.31%) peels that correlated well with bioactive components. Methanol and aqueous extracts of the peel exhibited bile acid binding (61%–98%) and α-amylase inhibitory activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Activity and Bile Acid Binding and &#x3b1 and -Amylase Inhibition
Subjects: B Life Science > Food Science and Nutrition
Divisions: Department of > Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Shrirekha N
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2019 06:13
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 06:13
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/5124

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