Tribal women and PRIs: a study of Mysore District, Karnataka

Ashok Kumar, H. and Mahesh, T. M. (2014) Tribal women and PRIs: a study of Mysore District, Karnataka. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 3 (1). pp. 14-18. ISSN 2319 – 7722

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Abstract

The paper presents the Tribal women in Panchayati raj Institutions. It also highlights the social composition of elected members and their participation in the decision making process in PRIs. India has one of the largest tribal concentrations in the world. Prior to the adoption of Indian constitution the tribes were variously termed as aboriginals, adivasis, forest tribes, hill tribes, primitive tribes etc. Up to 1919, the tribes were included under the head of depressed classes, the Indian Franchise Committee in 1919 accorded a separate nomenclature for the census reports in 1931 primitive tribes; 1941 tribes and 1951 scheduled tribes. As per the 2001 census, the tribals inhabit in almost all the states and union territories. The government has identified more than 630 tribal communities in the country. Scheduled tribes have been divided into three major groups based on their distribution in three well-defined zones viz., the southern, the central and the northeastern zones. The word „tribe‟ has been defined clearly in the Constitution of India. Article 342 of the Constitution of India empowers the President to draw up a list of scheduled tribes in consultation with the Governor of each State subject to the revision by the Parliament. According to Oxford Dictionary “A tribe is a group of people in primitive in barbarous stage of development, acknowledging the authority of a chief and usually regarding themselves as having a common ancestor”. Kottegala Grama Panchayat situated in Hunsur Taluk of Mysore District, constitutes of 7 villages. This village panchayat is located 9 kms from Hunsur taluk head quarter dominated by Soliga tribes.The languages of the people is Kannada and Telugu. The study has revealed that women leaders in Kottegala have exhibited their determination to occupy the public place; though there are hurdles in the process of empowering women. In order, to overcome the hurdles in Dodda Hejjuru and to make the „empowerment process‟, sustainable the Elected Women Representatives need proper orientation, information, counseling and sensitization continuously through NGOs, where the women members and thereby draw support from their presence.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences > Developmental Studies
Divisions: Institutes/Centers,Mysore > Institute of Development Studies
Depositing User: Praveen Kumari B.L
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2015 11:35
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2015 11:35
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/17611

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