Comparison of anticancer activity of biocompatible ZnO nanoparticles prepared by solution combustion synthesis using aqueous leaf extracts of abutilon indicum, melia azedarach and indigofera tinctoria as biofuels

Prashanth, G. K. and Prashanth, P. A. and Nagabhushana, B. M. and Ananda, S. and Krishnaiah, G. M. and Nagendra, H. G. and Sathyananda, H. M. and Rajendra Singh, C. and Yogisha, S. and Anand, S. and Tejabhiram, Y. (2018) Comparison of anticancer activity of biocompatible ZnO nanoparticles prepared by solution combustion synthesis using aqueous leaf extracts of abutilon indicum, melia azedarach and indigofera tinctoria as biofuels. Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology, 46 (5). pp. 968-979. ISSN 2169-1401

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/21691401.2017.1351982

Abstract

Recently, there has been an upsurge in the use of naturally available fuels for solution combustion synthesis (SCS) of nanoparticles. Although many reports suggest that these biofuels pose less harm to the environment, their strategic advantages and reliability for making NPs has not been discussed. In the present work, we try to address this issue using plant extracts as biofuels for the SCS of zinc oxide nanoparticles as a model system. In the present work, combustion synthesis of ZnO NPs using lactose and aqueous leaf extracts of Abutilon indicum, Melia azedarach, Indigofera tinctoria as biofuels has been carried out. A comparative analysis of the obtained powders has been conducted to understand the strategic advantages of using plant extracts over a chemical as combustion fuel for the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles. The X-ray diffractograms of the samples revealed the presence of Wurtzite hexagonal structure with varying crystallite sizes. Morphological studies indicated that samples prepared using biofuels had smaller diameter than those prepared using lactose as fuel. Surface characteristics of the samples were measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Qualitative phytochemical screening of aqueous leaf extracts revealed the presence of many phytochemicals in them, which might be responsible for combustion. Gas chromatography mass spectrum was carried out to detect the phytochemicals present in the aqueous extracts of the leaves. Further, anticancer evaluation carried out against DU-145 and Calu-6 cancer cells indicated higher anticancer activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles prepared using biofuels. The results of blood haemolysis revealed the biocompatibility of zinc oxide nanoparticles at lower concentrations. In conclusion, we propose that multiple other studies would be required in order to vindicate the potential advantages of using naturally available fuels in SCS.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: PMID: 28719999
Subjects: C Chemical Science > Chemistry
Divisions: Department of > Chemistry
Depositing User: manjula User
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2019 11:41
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 11:41
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/9689

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