Phytochemical analysis and evaluation of antioxidant activity in leaf gall of Ficus glomerata Roxb. (Moraceae)

Savitha, R. S. and Akshatha, J. V. and Nalini, M. S. (2013) Phytochemical analysis and evaluation of antioxidant activity in leaf gall of Ficus glomerata Roxb. (Moraceae). International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 4 (2). pp. 938-944. ISSN 0975-6299

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Ficus glomerata Roxb., (Moraceae) is a large deciduous tree and plant parts such as root, bark, leaves, fruits and galls are used in therapeutics. The leaf gall of F. glomerata is induced by the insect Pauropsylla depressa. In the present study, the solvent extracts of leaves as well as the gall portion at various developmental stages were screened for the presence of phytochemicals in comparison to the normal leaves. The presence of flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins were detected in normal and galled leaves, while most phytochemicals were present in the gall portion of the leaves. The gall stages as well as the gall leaves were tested for total phenolic content and DPPH radical scavenging assay. Results indicated 0.7-fold increase in the phenolic content of gall leaves (90μg/ml GAE) over the normal leaves (62.5μg/ml GAE). Comparison of phenolic contents among various stages of gall development namely, young, medium and mature indicated high phenolic content in young galls (123μg/ml GAE). Young galls depicted 0% radical scavenging activity. This is the first report on the antioxidant activity in the insect-induced galls of F. glomerata.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: article, controlled study, drug screening, phenol derivative, phytochemistry, phytosterol, saponin, 1, 1 diphenyl 2 picrylhydrazyl, antioxidant activity, plant extract, unclassified drug, plant leaf, antioxidant, solvent extraction, flavonoid, Hexapoda, Ficus racemosa, Ficus racemosa extract, tannin derivative, Moraceae, alkaloid, terpenoid, anthraquinone derivative, plant glycoside, gall (plant), phlobatannin derivative
Subjects: B Life Science > Botany
Divisions: Department of > Botany
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2019 05:54
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2019 05:54

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