Correlation between cholinesterase and paraoxonase 1 activities: Case series of pesticide poisoning subjects

Richard, S. A. and Frank, E. A. and D'Souza, C. J. M. (2013) Correlation between cholinesterase and paraoxonase 1 activities: Case series of pesticide poisoning subjects. BioImpacts, 3 (3). pp. 119-122. ISSN 2228-5660

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Introduction: Acute exposure to pesticide due to suicidal poisoning is the most extensive cause of pesticide exposure, compared with all other causes including agricultural or industrial exposure. Organophosphate (OP) and carbamate group of pesticides can inhibit acetylcholinesterase; on the other hand, paraoxonase1 can detoxify organophosphate poisoning by hydrolyzing organophosphate metabolites. Methods: We have compared the serum paraoxonase1 status and cholinesterase activity of subjects who attempted to commit suicide by consuming OP pesticide. Cholinesterase and paraoxonase1 activity were measured spectrophotometrically using butyrylthiocholine and phenyl acetate as substrates, respectively. Results: A positive correlation was found between serum paraoxonase1 activity and cholinesterase activity among pesticide consumed subjects. Conclusion: Our results suggest that subjects with higher paraoxonase1 activity may have a better chance of detoxifying the lethal effect of acute organophosphate poisoning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent, article, human, male, controlled study, comparative study, adult, aged, enzyme activity, female, spectrophotometry, major clinical study, cholinesterase, enzyme blood level, organophosphate, organophosphate poisoning, pesticide, correlational study, cholinesterase inhibition, detoxification, aryldialkylphosphatase 1, butyrylthiocholine, phenylacetic acid, suicide attempt
Subjects: C Chemical Science > Biochemistry
Divisions: Department of > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 11:05
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2019 11:05

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