Genetic association of G896A polymorphism of TLR4 gene in leprosy through family-based and case-control study designs

Suryadevara, N. C. and Neela, V. S. K. and Kovvali, S. and Pydi, S. S. and Jain, S. and Siva Sai, K. S. R. and Valluri, V. L. and Spurgeon, A. M. P. J. (2013) Genetic association of G896A polymorphism of TLR4 gene in leprosy through family-based and case-control study designs. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 107 (12). pp. 777-782.

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Background: Polymorphisms in TLR4 may change the function of the protein and alter the efficiency of immune response of host to infection. The high relevance of host gene polymorphisms with outcome of Mycobacterium leprae infection led us to study the genetic association of TLR4 G896A polymorphism in order to identify its risk among contacts of affected leprosy patients. Methods: For case-control study design a total of 628 individuals were recruited; 17 multicase leprosy families which included 32 case-parent trios were considered for family-based study. Genotyping was done using PCR-RFLP method. Results: In case-control study AA genotype was positively associated while GA genotype was negatively associated with leprosy. In family based transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) analysis allele G was found to be over transmitted to the affected individuals. Conclusion: Case-control study suggests that homozygous AA genotype may confer susceptibility and heterozygous GA genotype may confer resistance to leprosy, while allele A was observed to increase risk and that of allele G may confer resistance to leprosy. No strong transmission disequilibrium was detected in family-based TDT analysis, possibly due to lower number of trios. In contrast to case-control data allele G was over transmitted to the affected ones in TDT analysis. To conclude, the frequencies of genotypes in household contacts were almost the same as in leprosy patients, suggesting that contacts with AA genotype may be at higher risk of leprosy and may therefore require prophylactic inputs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: article, human, controlled study, India, Humans, Case-Control Studies, polymerase chain reaction, Polymerase Chain Reaction, genetics, major clinical study, Polymorphism, heterozygosity, homozygosity, gene, genotype, case control study, family, genetic predisposition, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, immunology, genetic polymorphism, genetic screening, gene frequency, genetic association, Genotype, genetic susceptibility, allele, epidemiology, family health, Family Health, family study, Gene Frequency, gene linkage disequilibrium, genetic risk, household, leprosy, Leprosy, Restriction Fragment Length, restriction fragment length polymorphism, toll like receptor 4, toll like receptor 4 gene, Toll-Like Receptor 4, transmission disequilibrium test
Subjects: A Arts and Humanities > Anthropology
Divisions: Department of > Anthropology
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 10:00
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2019 10:00

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