Fusarium verticillioides, a globally important pathogen of agriculture and livestock: A review

Deepa, N. and Sreenivasa, M. Y. (2017) Fusarium verticillioides, a globally important pathogen of agriculture and livestock: A review. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Research, 4 (4). ISSN 2378-931X

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Abstract

Fusarium verticillioides is a multi-phytopathogenic fungi widely distributed throughout the world in association with cereals and cereal based food products. Cereals are the basic staple food which provides much of the energy and protein for many populations, where 2534MT consumed as food by Humans and animals. In some developing nations, grain in the form of rice, wheat or maize constitutes a majority of daily substance. In developed nations, cereal consumption is more moderate and varied as using cereal based products like corn flakes, oats, Poultry and animal feeds etc. Due to poor agricultural practices and intermittent rain at the time of harvest cereals are prone to contamination by number of fungi and it has become unavoidable and a worldwide problem. Fusarium species are the most common fungi associated with cereals all over the world. Among which F. verticillioides is the most frequently isolated species. FAO estimated that around 25-50% of cereals have been contaminated by mycotoxins. F. verticillioides produces secondary metabolites such as Fumonisins, trace level of fusaric acid, beauvericin, fusarin C, moniliformin, gibberiliformin in very low amount. Fumonisins receive the most attention as it is a potential carcinogen of global concern because they are the common contaminants of cereals and cereal-based foods. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) evaluated the toxin fumonisin as human carcinogen.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Microbiology
Divisions: Department of > Microbiology
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 05:57
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2019 05:57
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/8784

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