Anticoagulant effect of Naja naja venom 5 ` nucleotidase: Demonstration through the use of novel specific inhibitor, vanillic acid

Dhananjaya, B. L. and Nataraju, A. and Rajesh, R. and Raghavendra Gowda, C. D. and Sharath, B. K. and Vishwanath, B. S. and D'Souza, Cletus J. M. (2006) Anticoagulant effect of Naja naja venom 5 ` nucleotidase: Demonstration through the use of novel specific inhibitor, vanillic acid. TOXICON, 48 (4). pp. 411-421.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2006.06.017

Abstract

The snake venom proteins affect hemostasis by either advancing/delaying blood coagulation. Apart from proteases and phospholipase A(2)s (PLA(2)s), 5'nucleotidase is known to affect hemostasis by inhibiting platelet aggregation. In this study, the possible involvement of Naja naja venom 5'nucleotidase in mediating anticoagulant affect is evaluated. Vanillic acid selectively and specifically inhibited 5'nucleotidase activity among other enzymes present in N. naja venom. It is a competitive inhibitor as evident of inhibition relieving upon increased substrate concentration. Vanillic acid dose dependently inhibited the anticoagulant effect of N. naja venom up to 40%. This partial involvement of 5'nucleotidase in mediating anticoagulant effect is substantiated by concanavalin-A (Con-A) inhibition studies. Con-A, competitively inhibited in vitro protease and 5'nucleotidase activity up to 100%. However, it did not exhibit inhibitory activity on PLA(2). The complete inhibition of anticoagulant effect by Con-A upon recalcification time suggests the participation of both 5'nucleotidase and protease in mediating anticoagulant effect of N. naja venom. Vanillic acid and Con-A inhibition studies together suggest that probably 5'nucleotidase interacts with one or more factors of intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation to bring about anticoagulant effect. Thus, this study for the first time demonstrates the involvement of 5'nucleotidase in mediating N. naja venom anticoagulant effect. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 5 ` nucleotidase; Naja naja; vanillic acid; anticoagulant; hemostasis
Subjects: Agriculture Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
University of Mysore > PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Agriculture Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Users 17 not found.
Date Deposited: 01 May 2013 10:55
Last Modified: 01 May 2013 10:55
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/8200

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