Association of hydrogen peroxide with restriction of Septoria tritici in resistant wheat

Shetty, N. P. and Kristensen, B. K. and Newman, M. A. and Møller, K. and Gregersen, P. L. and Jørgensen, H. J. L. (2003) Association of hydrogen peroxide with restriction of Septoria tritici in resistant wheat. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 62 (6). 333 - 346. ISSN 1096-1178

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Infection of wheat by Septoria tritici was studied in a compatible (cultivar ‘Sevin’-isolate IPO323) and an incompatible (cultivar ‘Stakado’-isolate IPO323) interaction. A second incompatible interaction (cultivar ‘Flame’-isolate IPO323) was included as a control of the most important observations made for Stakado. Quantitative studies of the initial stages of infection confirmed that penetration occurs through stomata. However, direct penetration attempts were also observed, indicated by papilla-formation. Pre-penetration growth and penetration frequency was not different between the interactions. Hyphal growth in Stakado was inhibited after penetration and no pycnidia formed whereas in Sevin, hyphal growth progressed and pycnidia formed 15 days after inoculation. Significantly higher amounts of H2O2 accumulated in Stakado than in Sevin until 11 days after inoculation. Timing and localization of H2O2 in Stakado correlated with arrest of pathogen growth, thus indicating a role for this molecule in resistance. H2O2 accumulation is known to arrest biotrophic pathogens and therefore also likely the hemibiotrophic pathogen S. tritici. More H2O2 accumulated in Sevin than Stakado 13 and 15 days after inoculation, coinciding with pycnidium formation and host cell collapse. This late accumulation in the compatible interaction is thought to be a stress-related response. After inoculation with S. tritici, total peroxidase activity and gene transcript of an apoplastic peroxidase increased in Stakado. The peroxidase activity pattern and transcript accumulation profile suggest a role for peroxidase in resistance, probably in cell wall cross-linking. Accumulation patterns of the gene transcript of a catalase and the total catalase enzyme activity suggest roles for catalase synthesis and inactivation in regulating H2O2 accumulation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: , , Defence responses, Infection biology, Wheat, , Hydrogen peroxide, , f.sp.
Subjects: B Life Science > Botany
Divisions: Department of > Botany
Depositing User: lpa manjunath user
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2019 06:54
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2019 06:54

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