Spore cell wall components ofAspergillus niger elicit downy mildew disease resistance in pearl millet

Hindumathy, C. K. and Shailasree, S. and Kini, K. Ramachandra and Shetty, H. Shekar (2006) Spore cell wall components ofAspergillus niger elicit downy mildew disease resistance in pearl millet. Phytoparasitica, 34 (1). p. 72. ISSN 1618-095X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02981342

Abstract

Elicitors derived from the cell wall of fungi are shown to be active in eliciting resistance in plants against a wide range of pathogens. In the present study carbohydrate components from the autoclaved spore cell wall ofAspergillus niger were prepared as aqueous suspensions and tested for defense response in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.) against the oomycetous downy mildew pathogenSclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) Schroet. The aqueous suspension derived from the spore cell wall ofA. niger was used as a seed soak treatment at concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg ml−1 for time intervals of 3, 6, 9 and 12 h. The concentration of 0.5 mg ml−1 for a 6 h soaking period offered 94% seed germination and seedling vigor index increased to 1526. The seed germination and the seedling vigor were significantly higher than the untreated check. Spore cell wall suspension as seed treatment at a concentration of 0.5 mg ml−1 required a 3-day time interval to provide 67% protection against downy mildew. Histological and biochemical studies were conducted to elucidate the mechanism of defense response in treated seedlings uponS. graminicola infection. Resistance host response was detected in the form of lignin and callose deposition in the epidermal cell wall of pearl millet seedlings, which is the site ofS. graminicola infection. A time course study showed rapid and localized deposition of lignin and callose in epidermal cell wall of carbohydrate components-treated pearl millet seedling coleoptiles. Increased levels of the defense-related enzyme peroxidase were detected in the treated seedlings. Peroxidase activity in elicitor-treated samples reached a peak at 8 h post-infection, which was 45% more than in their respective uninoculated control. Characterization of peroxidase isoforms by isoelectric focusing revealed 16 different isoforms, of which pI 6.8, 7.2 and 8.7 increased in elicitor-treated samples uponS. graminicola infection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Botany
Divisions: Department of > Botany
Depositing User: lpa manjunath user
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 10:40
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2019 10:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/7566

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