STRUCTURE-FUNCTION-RELATIONSHIPS AMONG NEUROTOXIC PHOSPHOLIPASES - NN-XIII-PLA2 FROM INDIAN COBRA (NAJA-NAJA-NAJA) AND VRV PL-V FROM RUSSELLS VIPER (VIPERA-RUSSELLI) VENOMS

Bhat, M. K. and Kasturi, S. and Gowda, T. Veerabasappa (1991) STRUCTURE-FUNCTION-RELATIONSHIPS AMONG NEUROTOXIC PHOSPHOLIPASES - NN-XIII-PLA2 FROM INDIAN COBRA (NAJA-NAJA-NAJA) AND VRV PL-V FROM RUSSELLS VIPER (VIPERA-RUSSELLI) VENOMS. TOXICON, 29 (1). pp. 97-105. ISSN 0041-0101

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0041-0101(91)90042-P

Abstract

Though venom phospholipases induce various pharmacological effects their mechanism of action is in some cases unclear. There may be separate pharmacological sites on the venom phospholipase molecule. In order to understand th structure-function relationships among venom phospholipases, studies on interaction of venom phospholipases with its antibodies and various alkaloids were carried out. The alkaloids aristolochic acid, ajmaline and reserpine were incapable of inhibiting the phospholipase A2 activity of NN-XIII-PLA2 but inhibited its edema inducing potency and partially inhibited the symptoms of neurotoxicity. The direct and indirect hemolytic activity remain unaffected. Polyclonal antibodies (anti-PL-V Ig) to a neurotoxic PLA2 VRV PL-V neutralized the neurotoxic symptoms and lethality of VRV PL-V without affecting its in vitro phospholipase A2 activity when egg PC was used as the substrate. However, they inhibited the catalytic activity of VRV PL-V when synaptosomes were used as the substrate. Our results indicate the presence of multiple pharmacologically active sites apart from catalytic site.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: DA - 1991/// [EPrints field already has value set] LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Subjects: Agriculture Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
University of Mysore > PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Agriculture Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 May 2013 09:39
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2013 06:01
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/7229

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