Comparative analysis of activities of vital defence enzymes during induction of resistance in pearl millet against downy mildew

Lavanya, S. N. and Raj, S. Niranjan and Udayashankar, A. C. and Kini, K. Ramachandra and Amruthesh, K. N. and Niranjana, S. R. and Shetty, H. Shekar (2012) Comparative analysis of activities of vital defence enzymes during induction of resistance in pearl millet against downy mildew. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 45 (11). pp. 1252-1272. ISSN 1477-2906

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/03235408.2012.665218

Abstract

Pearl millet Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. has the seventh largest annual production in the world giving it significant economic importance. Although generally well adapted to the growing conditions in arid and semi-arid regions, major constraints to yields are susceptibility to downy mildew disease caused by the oomycete Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) Schroet. Induction of resistance against downy mildew disease of pearl millet has been well established using various biotic and abiotic inducers. The present study demonstrated the comparative analysis of the involvement of the important defence enzymes like β-1,3-Glucanase, chitinase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), peroxidase (POX), polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and lipoxygenase (LOX) during induced systemic resistance (ISR) mediated by inducers like Benzo(1,2,3)-thiadiazole-7-carbothionic acid-S-methyl ester (BTH), Beta amino butyric acid (BABA), Chitosan and Cerebroside against pearl millet downy mildew disease. Native-PAGE showed six POX isozymes in all categories of uninoculated pearl millet seedlings and maximum intensity of bands was noticed in resistant seedlings. After inoculation in Cerebroside-treated seedlings, there were seven isoforms, POX-4 was not present in any other seedlings. Native-PAGE analysis showed the presence of five PPO isozymes in all categories of uninoculated pearl millet seedlings and after inoculation seven isoforms of PPO-7 were noticed, and the intensity of banding was more in resistant and Cerebroside-treated seedlings. The isoforms PPO-3 were present as an extra band after inoculation in all seedlings. Isoform PPO-7, though found in all seedlings, was very prominent in Chitosan- and Cerebroside-treated seedlings. β-1,3-Glucanase Native-PAGE analysis showed the presence of only one isozyme in all categories of uninoculated/inoculated pearl millet seedlings. Glu-1 isozyme was very prominent in all seedlings including resistant and susceptible seedlings. Among the induced resistant seedlings, highest intensity was observed in Cerebroside-treated seedlings. Native-PAGE analysis showed the presence of three LOX isozymes in all categories of uninoculated pearl millet seedlings, and the intensity of banding pattern was very low in BTH-treated seedlings. LOX-1 and LOX-2 were very prominent in resistant, Chitosan- and Cerebroside-treated seedlings. Upon inoculation, one extra band, LOX-3, was exclusively noticed in Cerebroside-treated seedlings. In inoculated seedlings, LOX-1, LOX-2 and LOX-4 were very prominent in Chitosan Cerebroside-treated seedlings compared to other seedlings.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of > Biotechnology
Depositing User: MUL SWAPNA user
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2019 05:22
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 05:22
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/6844

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