Neutralization of local and systemic toxicity of daboia russelii venom by morus alba plant leaf extract

Chandrashekara, K. T. and Nagaraju, S. and Usha Nandini, S. and Basavaiah and Kemparaju, K. (2009) Neutralization of local and systemic toxicity of daboia russelii venom by morus alba plant leaf extract. PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH, 23 (8). pp. 1082-1087. ISSN 1099-1573

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Antivenom therapy is the current best therapy available for the treatment of fatal snake envenomation. However, the antivenom offers less or no protection against local effects such as extensive edema, hemorrhage, dermo-, myonecrosis and inflammation at the envenomed region. Viperidae snakes are highly known for their violent local effects and such effects have been commonly treated with plant extracts without any scientific validation in rural India. In this investigation Morus alba plant leaf extract has been studied against the Indian Vipera/Daboia russelii venom induced local and systemic effects. The extract completely abolished the in vitro proteolytic and hyaluronolytic activities of the venom. Edema, hemorrhage and myonecrotic activities were also neutralized efficiently. In addition, the extract partially inhibited the pro-coagulant activity and completely abolished the degradation of A alpha chain of human fibrinogen. Thus, the extract processes potent antisnake venom property, especially against the local and systemic effects of Daboia russelii venom. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Daboia russelii; hemorrhage; hyaluronidase; metalloprotease; snake-venom; tissue destruction; Morus alba
Subjects: B Life Science > Sericulture
C Chemical Science > Biochemistry
Divisions: Department of > Biochemistry
Department of > Sericulture Science
Depositing User: Users 19 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2019 09:43
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 09:43

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