Hepatoprotective and cytoprotective properties of Hyptis suaveolens against oxidative stress–induced damage by CCl4 and H2O2

Ghaffari, Hadi and Ghassam, Behrouz Jalali and Prakash, H. S. (2012) Hepatoprotective and cytoprotective properties of Hyptis suaveolens against oxidative stress–induced damage by CCl4 and H2O2. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 5 (11). 868 - 874. ISSN 2352-4146

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1995-7645(12)60162-X


Objective To investigate capacity of Hyptis suaveolens (H. suaveolens) methanol extract as an antioxidant to protect against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced oxidative stress, hepatotoxicity in Albino Wistar rats and cytoprotective effect of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced cell death in HepG2 cell line. Methods Two different doses of methanol extract of H. suaveolens were evaluated for the hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Animals in Group I: served as control, group II: H. suaveolens (100 mL/kg b.w), group III: H. suaveolens (50 mL/kg b.w) + CCl4 (1 mg/kg), group IV: H. suaveolens (100 mL/kg b.w) + CCl4 (1 mL/kg) and group V: CCl4 (1 mL/kg). Histopathologic changes of liver were also evaluated. Cytotoxicity was also determined by 3, (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results Oral sigle dose treatment of CCl4 produced a marked elevation in the serum levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Histopathological analysis of the liver of CCl4-induced rats revealed marked liver cell necrosis with inflammatory collections that were conformed to increase in the levels of SOD, GSH, GST, GR and LPO. Treatment with H2O2 significantly induced death of HepG2 cell. Pretreatment with H. suaveolens methanol extract inhibited or attenuated H2O2 induced cytotoxicity. Conclusions This study shows that H. suaveolens methanol extract can be proposed to protect the liver against CCl4-induced oxidative damage in rats and protect the cells against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells. The hepatoprotective and cytoprotective effects might be correlated with its antioxidant and free radical scavenger effects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes, Lipid peroxidation, HepG cell line, Hydrogen peroxide, MTT assay
Subjects: B Life Science > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of > Biotechnology
Depositing User: C Swapna Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2019 10:10
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2019 10:10
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/6445

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