Antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects of substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives is mediated by down regulation of VEGF and inhibition of translocation of HIF-1 alpha in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

Akhilesh Kumar and Saritha, D'Souza S. and Nagaraj, S. R. M. and Gaonkar, S. L. and Bharathi, S. P. and Rai, Lokanatha K. M. (2009) Antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects of substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives is mediated by down regulation of VEGF and inhibition of translocation of HIF-1 alpha in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY, 64 (6). pp. 1221-1233. ISSN 1432-0843

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00280-009-0992-y

Abstract

1,3,4-Oxadiazoles are an important class of heterocyclic compounds, which play a pivotal role in various pharmaceutical applications. Here, we investigated the antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects of the derivatives and explored its mechanism of action on EAT cells. The cytotoxic effect of the derivatives on EAT and HEK293 cells was assessed by MTT assay. Effect of the derivatives on ALP activity and proliferation was measured. Swiss albino mice transplanted with EAT cells were used as a model system to study the effect of the derivatives in vivo. Inhibition of angiogenesis in mice peritoneum, CAM and Cornea of the rat were studied. Finally, the effects on VEGF gene expression, HIF-1 alpha translocation and cell cycle arrest were determined. The IC50 range for growth inhibition of EAT cells was found to be 140-175 mu M. In contrast normal HEK293 cells were resistant to the derivatives at this range. Treatment with derivatives in vivo was demonstrated by the down regulation of VEGF in EAT cells and inhibition of blood vessels formation in mice peritoneum, CAM and cornea of rat, indicating the potent angioinhibitory effect of the derivatives. VEGF promoter-luciferase reporter gene expression analysis showed suppression of VEGF gene expression in vitro. The derivatives proved to be potent antiproliferative agents as shown by FACS analysis and decreased ALP activity. Furthermore, expression of HIF-1 alpha was also down regulated by derivatives by repressing its nuclear translocation. Oxadiazole derivatives are strong bioactive compounds with antiangiogenic and antiproliferative potential both in vitro and in vivo. We postulate that diminished HIF-1 alpha nuclear presence in oxadiazole treated EAT cells could be responsible for decreased VEGF expression and antiangiogenic effects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxadiazole derivatives; Antiangiogenesis; EAT cell; HEK293 cells; VEGF; Hypoxia; HIF-1 alpha
Subjects: B Life Science > Biotechnology
C Chemical Science > Chemistry
Divisions: Department of > Biotechnology
Department of > Chemistry
Depositing User: Shrirekha N
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 06:32
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2019 06:32
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/6364

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