Evaluation of antimicrobial, enzyme inhibitory, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of partially purified volatile metabolites of marine streptomyces sp.S2A

Siddharth, Saket and Ravishankar Rai, V. (2018) Evaluation of antimicrobial, enzyme inhibitory, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of partially purified volatile metabolites of marine streptomyces sp.S2A. Microorganisms, 6 (3). pp. 1-13. ISSN 2076-2607

[img] Text (Full Text)
Evaluation of Antimicrobial, Enzyme.pdf - Published Version

Download (11MB)
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2607/6/3/72

Abstract

In the present study, marine actinobacteria Streptomyces sp.S2A was isolated from the Gulf of Mannar, India. Identification was carried out by 16S rRNA analysis. Bioactive metabolites were extracted by solvent extraction method. The metabolites were assayed for antagonistic activity against bacterial and fungal pathogens, inhibition of α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes, antioxidant activity and cytotoxic activity against various cell lines. The actinobacterial extract showed significant antagonistic activity against four gram-positive and two gram-negative pathogens. Excellent reduction in the growth of fungal pathogens was also observed. The minimum inhibitory concentration of the partially purified extract (PPE) was determined as 31.25 μg/mL against Klebsiella pneumoniae, 15.62 μg/mL against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The lowest MIC was observed against Micrococcus luteus as 7.8 μg/mL. MIC against fungal pathogens was determined as 62.5 μg/mL against Bipolaris maydis and 15.62 μg/mL against Fusarium moniliforme. The α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibitory potential of the fractions were carried out by microtiter plate method. IC50 value of active fraction for α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibition was found to be 21.17 μg/mL and 20.46 μg/mL respectively. The antioxidant activity of partially purified extract (PPE) (DPPH, ABTS, FRAP and Metal chelating activity) were observed and were also found to have significant cytotoxic activity against HT-29, MDA and U-87MG cell lines. The compound analysis was performed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and resulted in three constituents; pyrrolo1–apyrazine-1,4-dione,hexahydro-3-(2-methylpropyl)-, being the main component (80%). Overall, the strain possesses a wide spectrum of antimicrobial, enzyme inhibitory, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities which affords the production of significant bioactive metabolites as potential pharmacological agents.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Microbiology
Divisions: Department of > Microbiology
Depositing User: manjula User
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 11:40
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 11:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/6337

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item