Seed treatment with aqueous extract of viscum album induces resistance to pearl millet downy mildew pathogen

Chandrashekhara and Raj, S. Niranjan and Manjunath, G. and Deepak, S. and Shekar, H. (2010) Seed treatment with aqueous extract of viscum album induces resistance to pearl millet downy mildew pathogen. Journal of Plant Interactions, 5 (4). pp. 283-291. ISSN 1742-9153

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Downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola [Sacc.] Schroet.) is a serious agricultural problem for pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.) grain production under field conditions. Six medicinally important plant species Azadirachta indica, Argemone mexicana, Commiphora caudata, Mentha piperita, Emblica officinalis and Viscum album were evaluated for their efficacy against pearl millet downy mildew. Seeds of pearl millet were treated with different concentrations of aqueous extract of the plants to examine their efficacy in controlling downy mildew. Among the plant extracts tested, V. album treatment was found to be more effective in enhancing seed quality parameters and also in inducing resistance against downy mildew disease. Germination and seedling vigor was improved in seeds treated with V. album extracts over control. Seeds treated with 10% concentration of V. album showed maximum protection against downy mildew disease under greenhouse and field conditions. The downy mildew disease protection varied from 44-70% with different concentrations. Leaf extract of V. album did not inhibit sporulation and zoospore release from sporangia of Sclerospora graminicola, indicating that the disease-controlling effect was attributed to induced resistance. Seed treatment with V. album extract increased pearl millet grain yield considerably. In V. album, treated pearl millet seedlings increased activities of peroxidase, and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase enzyme was detected. FTIR analysis of V. album extracts showed the presence of amides and other aromatic compounds which are antimicrobial compounds involved in plant defense.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of > Biotechnology
Depositing User: LA manjunath user
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2019 03:19
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 03:19

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