Histo-chemical changes induced by PGPR during induction of resistance in pearl millet against downy mildew disease

Raj, S. Niranjan and Lavanya, S. N. and Amruthesh, K. N. and Niranjana, S. R. and Reddy, M. S. and Shetty, H. S. (2012) Histo-chemical changes induced by PGPR during induction of resistance in pearl millet against downy mildew disease. Biological Control, 60 (2). 90 - 102. ISSN 1090-2112

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2011.10.011

Abstract

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria Bacillus pumilus strain INR-7 effectively induced downy mildew resistance in pearl millet. The histo-chemical analysis of B. pumilus INR-7 mediated systemic resistance showed that induced resistance is associated with the expression of hypersensitive response (HR), enhanced lignification, callose deposition, and hydrogen peroxide in addition to the increased expression of the defense enzymes β-1,3-glucanase, chitinase, phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), peroxidase (POX), and polyphenol oxidase (PPO). There was rapid expression of HR in the resistant pearl millet as well as the susceptible seedlings induced by treatment with INR-7 after pathogen infection when compared to the susceptible seedlings, which expressed HR at later hours. Examination of inoculated pearl millet tissues by microscopy showed that lignin, callose, and hydrogen peroxide accumulated earlier and to higher levels in resistant and induced resistant seedlings. Accumulation of various defense enzymes was an immediate response to Sclerospora graminicola infection and preceded the development of induced resistance elicited by strain INR-7. Tissue print analysis showed that defense enzymes were found to be localized in the vascular bundles and revealed the visual difference in the expression pattern of β-1,3-glucanase, chitinase, PAL, POX, and PPO whose intensity varied among resistant, INR-7 treated, and susceptible pearl millet seedlings. This study clearly demonstrated that the differences between the responses, susceptible, INR-7 treated or resistant pearl millet seedlings recorded differences in the speed, intensity, and pattern of different histo-chemical responses to S. graminicola infection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pearl millet downy mildew, Induced resistance, Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, Histo-chemical changes, Tissue printing, Defense enzymes
Subjects: B Life Science > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of > Biotechnology
Depositing User: MUL SWAPNA user
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2019 06:09
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 06:09
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/5509

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