Correction to: paraquat-induced movement disorder in relation to oxidative stress-mediated neurodegeneration in the brain of drosophila melanogaster

Niveditha, S. and Ramesh, S. R. and Shivanandappa, T. (2018) Correction to: paraquat-induced movement disorder in relation to oxidative stress-mediated neurodegeneration in the brain of drosophila melanogaster. Neurochemical Research, 43 (2). pp. 515-516. ISSN 1573-6903

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The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The entries missing in the reference list are given below and their corresponding citations are provided in the Discussion section text. There have been conflicting reports on the effect of acute dose treatment of PQ on the activity of antioxidant enzymes in Drosophila. In some of the earlier studies, acute exposure to PQ led to increased activity of SOD [17, 35], whereas, others have reported reduced activity of SOD at higher dose [37, 38]. In our study, flies exposed to multiple-dose of PQ showed a markedly decreased activity of both Cu/Zn-SOD and mitochondrial Mn-SOD in contrast to the acute exposure. Catalase, on the other hand, was increased by both single and multiple dose exposures. Increased SOD activity in the acute dose model suggests a transient adaptive response of antioxidant defense mechanism against PQ-induced oxidative stress which could be reversible [17]. However, the lasting effect of the decreased activity of SOD in flies exposed to the multiple dose of PQ indicates irreversible deterioration of the antioxidant defense [39], which leads to sustained oxidative stress. The activity of AChE, a general biochemical marker of neural function, involved in cholinergic neurotransmission was significantly increased in both acute and multiple dose of PQ treatments, suggesting a biochemical response to a neurotoxic compound and the state of increased oxidative stress. However, the degree of increased AChE activity in flies exposed to multiple dose of PQ was lower compared to that of acute exposure. The reduction of AChE activity observed in the multiple dose treatment could be attributed to cholinergic dysfunction and degeneration, which is considered as an important contributor to PD symptoms [40, 41]. Maintaining a healthy population of mitochondria in a cell is an essential process in view of their role in energy production in the form of ATP. Mitochondrial damage is considered as one of the key abnormalities that are causally linked to neurodegeneration [14, 42, 43]. Pesticides implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disease are known to cause mitochondrial abnormalities [44].

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Zoology
Divisions: Department of > Zoology
Depositing User: Manjula P Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2019 05:48
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 05:48

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