A green non-acid-catalyzed process for direct N=N–C group formation: comprehensive study, modeling, and optimization

Khakyzadeh, V. and Zolfigol, M. A. and Fatemeh Derakhshan-Panah and Jafarian, M. and Miri, Mir V. and Maryam Gilandoust (2018) A green non-acid-catalyzed process for direct N=N–C group formation: comprehensive study, modeling, and optimization. Molecular Diversity, 22 (2). pp. 335-342. ISSN 1573-501X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11030-017-9808-x


The aim of this work is to introduce, model, and optimize a new non-acid-catalyzed system for a direct N=N–C bond formation. By reacting naphthols or phenol with anilines in the presence of the sodium nitrite as nitrosonium (NO+) source and triethylammonium acetate (TEAA), a N=N–C group can be formed in non-acid media. Modeling and optimization of the reaction conditions were investigated by response surface method. Sodium nitrite, TEAA, and water were chosen as variables, and reaction yield was also monitored. Analysis of variance indicates that a second-order polynomial model with F value of 35.7, a P value of 0.0001, and regression coefficient of 0.93 is able to predict the response. Based on the model, the optimum process conditions were introduced as 2.2 mmol sodium nitrite, 2.2 mL of TEAA, and 0.5 mL H2O at room temperature. A quadratic (second-order) polynomial model, by analysis of variance, was able to predict the response for a direct N=N–C group formation. Predicted response values were in good agreement with the experimental values. Electrochemistry studies were done to introduce new Michael acceptor moieties. Broad scope, high yields, short reaction time, and mild conditions are some advantages of the presented method.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Chemical Science > Chemistry
Divisions: Department of > Chemistry
Depositing User: Manjula P Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2019 05:54
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2022 06:04
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/5041

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