Population analysis of magnaporthe oryzae by using endogenous repetitive DNA sequences and mating-type alleles in different districts of Karnataka, India

Jagadeesh, D. and Prasanna Kumar, M. K. and Devaki, N. S. (2018) Population analysis of magnaporthe oryzae by using endogenous repetitive DNA sequences and mating-type alleles in different districts of Karnataka, India. Journal of Applied Genetics, 59 (3). pp. 365-375. ISSN 2190-3883

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13353-018-0453-6

Abstract

Rice is the staple food crop of more than 60% of the population of the world. This crop suffers from blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae. Information on the mating-type allele distribution and diversity of the pathogen population for the state of Karnataka, India is scanty. With this background, a total of 72 isolates of M. oryzae from rice in different districts of Karnataka were examined for identifying sexual mating alleles MAT1, MAT2 and understanding the genetic diversity based on DNA fingerprint of pot2, an inverted repeat transposon. Among 72 isolates, 44 isolates belonged to MAT1 type (male fertile) and 28 isolates were of MAT2 (female fertile) and there were no hermaphrodite isolates. In a given geographical location, only one mating type was identified. Results revealed that the isolates obtained from these regions are not sexually fertile showing predominant asexual reproduction. Hence, genetic variation observed in the pathogen may be mainly because of high copy number of transposons. A high copy number transposon, namely Pot2, was selected in our study to detect genetic diversity of the pathogen. Pot2 rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting profile showed 27 polymorphic bands with bands ranging in size from 0.65 to 4.0 kb and an average of 10 to 14 bands per isolate. Five distinct clusters were formed with two major, two minor, and one outlier. Clusters 4 and 5 are further subdivided into three sub-clusters. Some of the isolates belonging to clusters 3, 4, and 5 are interlinked as these locations are close to one another sharing common geographical parameters and boundaries. This knowledge on the sexual behavior and genetic diversity of M. oryzae is important with respect to breeding for disease resistance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Molecular Biology
Divisions: Yuvaraj college
Depositing User: manjula User
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 07:59
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 07:59
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/4878

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