Pathological studies on the southern blight of China aster (Callistephus chinensis) caused by Sclerotium rolfsii

Mahadevakumar, S. and Chandana, C. and Deepika, Y. S. and Sumashri, K. S. and Vandana Yadav and Janardhana, G. R. (2018) Pathological studies on the southern blight of China aster (Callistephus chinensis) caused by Sclerotium rolfsii. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 151 (4). pp. 1081-1087. ISSN 1573-8469

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A severe outbreak of southern blight disease of China aster was observed during the post rainy season (September–November 2015) in the Mysore and Mandya Districts of Karnataka, Southern India. The disease incidence ranged between 12 and 47%. The typical disease symptoms include water-soaked lesions on leaves, stems and on the lower stem surfaces followed by quick wilting of the whole plant with abundant production of sclerotia near the stem-soil interface. The associated fungal pathogen was isolated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium, on which numerous reddish-brown sclerotia were seen. A total of 26 fungal isolates were isolated and studied for the mycelial compatibility. Isolate SrCCM 1 was used for pathogenicity analysis. The results of the study showed that, there was no variation among the isolates tested. Molecular identification of the pathogen by ITS-rDNA sequences of S. rolfsii showed 100% similarity with reference sequences. Based on the cultural, morphological and molecular characteristics, the fungal pathogen was identified as Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. (Sexual morph: Athelia rolfsii (Curzi) C.C. Tu & Kimbr). Pathogenicity tests were performed on healthy leaves, roots and stems. Typical disease symptoms on leaves, stems and roots were evident after 5, 8 and 10 days of post-inoculation. Sclerotium rolfsii is known to cause diseases in economically important crop plants. However, no reports are available on the occurrence of S. rolfsii on China aster in India.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Botany
Divisions: Department of > Botany
Department of > Microbiology
Depositing User: Manjula P Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 07:07
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 07:07

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