Hypersensitive response, cell death and histochemical localisation of hydrogen peroxide in host and non-host seedlings infected with the downy mildew pathogen Sclerospora graminicola

Kumudini, B. S. and Vasanthi, N. S. and Shetty, H. Shekar (2001) Hypersensitive response, cell death and histochemical localisation of hydrogen peroxide in host and non-host seedlings infected with the downy mildew pathogen Sclerospora graminicola. ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY, 139 (2). pp. 217-225.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2001.tb00398...

Abstract

Hypersensitive response, cell death and release of hydrogen peroxide as measures of host and non-host defense mechanisms upon inoculation with the downy mildew pathogen Sclerospora graminicola were studied histochemically at the light microscopy level. The materials consisted of coleoptile tissues of the highly susceptible (cv. HB3), highly resistant (cv. IP18293) and induced resistant pearl millet host seedlings and non-host sorghum (cv. SGMN 10/8) and cotyledon of french bean (cv. S9). Resistance up to 80% protection against the downy mildew pathogen was induced in the highly susceptible HB3 cultivar of pearl millet by treating the seeds with 2% aqueous leaf extract of Datura metel for 3 h. Time course study with the pathogen inoculated highly resistant pearl millet cultivar revealed the appearance of hypersensitive response in 20% of seedlings as necrotic spots as early as 2 h after inoculation. In contrast, a similar reaction was observed in the highly susceptible pearl millet cultivar only 8 h after inoculation with the pathogen. In induced resistant seedlings, appearance of hypersensitive response was recorded 4 h after inoculation. Delayed hypersensitive response was observed in both the non-host species at 10 h after inoculation. Hypersensitive response in the seedlings of the highly resistant pearl millet cultivar 24 h after inoculation showed 100% hypersensitive response, which was not observed in susceptible and non-host species, although the induced resistant seedlings showed 90% hypersensitive response after that period of time. Cell death in the tissues of the test seedlings was also observed to change with time. Statistical analysis revealed that the tissues of highly resistant pearl millet seedlings required 2.9 h to attain 50% cell death. Tissues of induced resistant and highly susceptible pearl millet seedlings required 4.65 and 6.50 h respectively. In non-hosts, 50% cell death was not recorded. Quantification of hydrogen peroxide in the tissue periplasmic spaces of the test seedlings revealed 2.94 h as the time required for 50% hydrogen peroxide accumulation in the tissues of highly resistant pearl millet seedlings. Tissues of induced resistant and highly susceptible pearl millet seedlings needed 3.76 and 5.5 h respectively. Fifty percent hydrogen peroxide localisation in non-hosts could not be recorded. These results suggested the involvement of hydrogen peroxide, cell death and hypersensitive response in pearl millet host defense against S. graminicola.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sclerospora graminicola; pearl millet; non-host; defence response; localisation of hydrogen peroxide; cell death; hypersensitive response
Subjects: Agriculture Biological Sciences > Botany
University of Mysore > PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Agriculture Biological Sciences > Botany

Agriculture Biological Sciences > Biotechnology
University of Mysore > PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Agriculture Biological Sciences > Biotechnology
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Biotechnology
PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Botany
Depositing User: Users 12 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2013 10:31
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2013 07:58
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/4804

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