Free-volume microprobe study of iodine diffusion in polymers

Ramani, R. and Ranganathaiah, C. (2001) Free-volume microprobe study of iodine diffusion in polymers. POLYMER INTERNATIONAL, 50 (2). pp. 237-248.

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The effect of iodine sorption on the free-volume of three polymers, namely, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, poly(ethylene terephthalate) and polycarbonate have been investigated by the positron annihilation Lifetime technique. Diffusion coefficients have been evaluated from the sorption curves using Crank's solution for Fick's second law of diffusion. The positron results are explained in terms of iodine filling the free-volume holes, swelling and conformational changes. It has also been found that the diffusion process in acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene and poly(ethylene terephthalate) deviates from Fick's law of diffusion whereas in polycarbonate, the diffusion process obeys Fick's law. Further, for polymers in which diffusion deviates from Fick's law, the sorption process has been separated into diffusion-controlled (Fickian) and relaxation-controlled (non-Fickian) parts using the dual-mode sorption model. Interestingly, the present results show that the polymers which deviate from Fickian diffusion also deviate from Fujita's free-volume theory of diffusion and vice versa. The positron results also indicate that sorbed iodine in the polymer acts as an inhibitor of orthopositronium. (C) 2001 Society of Chemical Industry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: free-volume; positron lifetime; iodine diffusion; acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene; poly(ethylene terephthalate); polycarbonate
Subjects: Physical Sciences > Physics
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Physics
Depositing User: Users 12 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2013 10:28
Last Modified: 15 May 2013 06:59

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