Degradation of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene and polycarbonate by UV irradiation

Ramani, R. and Ranganathaiah, C. (2000) Degradation of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene and polycarbonate by UV irradiation. POLYMER DEGRADATION AND STABILITY, 69 (3). pp. 347-354.

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The effects of ultra-violet irradiation on the microstructure of an oxygen free polymer viz., acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene and a polymer containing oxygen viz., polycarbonate have been investigated using positron annihilation lifetime measurement. Lifetime results in both polymers in the early stages of irradiation indicate that chain-scission leading to free radical formation is the predominant process. Radiation induced cross-linking becomes dominant in the later stages of irradiation. An interesting feature observed in the present studies is that an oxygen containing polymer attains free volume stability which is attributed as due to the formation of photostabilisers whereas no such stability is observed in the case of an oxygen free polymer. UV absorption spectroscopy results supplement the positron lifetime results that oxygen containing polymer becomes photostabilised. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: positron lifetime; polymer; free volume; UV degradation; conformation
Subjects: Physical Sciences > Physics
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Physics
Depositing User: Users 10 not found.
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2013 09:33
Last Modified: 09 May 2013 08:01

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