Palynology and depositional facet of lower Permian (Artinskian) sediments from New Majri opencast mine, Wardha basin, India

Mahesh, S. and Pauline Sabina, K. and Mahesh Bilwa, L. (2014) Palynology and depositional facet of lower Permian (Artinskian) sediments from New Majri opencast mine, Wardha basin, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 83 (6). pp. 697-708. ISSN 0974-6889

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-014-0102-6

Abstract

Coal samples and the associated sediments from New Majri open cast mine have been analysed palynologically with the following objectives: to date the sediments on the basis of the palyno-assemblage recognised; to carry out an inter-basinal, intra-basinal and Gondwana wide correlation; to interpret the palaeoenvironment and depositional facet of the coal field on the basis of dispersed organic matter analysis and sedimentary facies analysis. Based on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the spore and pollen content one palyno-assemblage-Scheuringipollenites and Faunipollenites has been recognised which is typical of lower Barakar Formation. This has been correlated with known palyno-assemblages from Wardha basin and other basins in India, while with the Gondwana continents the assemblage has been broadly correlated with early Permian Australian, African, South America palynofloras as well as early Permian palynoflora of Antarctica. Consequently, a tentative late Early Permian, Artinskian age is proposed for the sediments from New Majri open cast mine. Palynological studies also revealed that the peat forming vegetation was mainly composed of gymnosperms represented by glossopterids (Scheuringipollenites, Ibisporites, Platysaccus, Cuneatisporites, Primuspollenites and Sahnites), conifers (Faunipollenites, Striatites, Striatopodocarpites, Verticipollenites, Distriatites) and cordaites (Parasaccites, Plicatipollenites, Crucisaccites, Divarisaccus, Densipollenites). Spores were represented mainly by filicopsids (Horriditriletes, Brevitriletes, Callumispora) and sphenopsids (Latosporites). The relative abundance of structured organic matter implies the existence of a fairly dense cover of vegetation in the hinterland. Anaerobic, reducing, water logged peat-forming conditions have been inferred by the presence of biodegraded organic matter and amorphous organic matter. The charcoal fragments recovered from the present study area reflects a possible wildfire in the accumulated swamps or a wildfire in the hinterland after which the sediments were flushed by fluvial systems into the swamps. The coalfield exhibits horizontal bedding pattern which may be due to deposition by suspension settling or horizontal accretion. Further the alternating high and low energy regime is noticed in the sandstone-shale intercalated beds overlying the coarse grained yellow sandstone which forms the roof of the coal seam. Comprehensively the sediments are deposited as overbank / levee deposits.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: India, organic matter, Gondwana, biostratigraphy, charcoal, coal seam, Coniferophyta, Cordaites, depositional environment, facies analysis, Faunipollenites, Filicopsida, gymnosperm, Gymnospermae, Maharashtra, opencast mining, paleoenvironment, palynology, Parasaccites, Permian, Platysaccus, Plicatipollenites, pollen, relative abundance, sandstone, Scheuringipollenites, Sphenopsida, spore, Striatites, Wardha
Subjects: F Earth Science > Geology
Divisions: Department of > Earth Science
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2019 09:37
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2019 09:37
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/3980

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