Identifying the risk of producing aneuploids using meiotic recombination genes as biomarkers: a copy number variation approach

Suresh, Raviraj V. and Kusuma, L. and Avinash, M. V. and Ramachandra, N. B. (2017) Identifying the risk of producing aneuploids using meiotic recombination genes as biomarkers: a copy number variation approach. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 145 (1). pp. 39-50. ISSN 0975-9174

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_965_14

Abstract

Background objectives: Aneuploids are the most common chromosomal abnormality in liveborns and are usually the result of non-disjunction (NDJ) in meiosis. Copy number variations (CNVs) are large structural variations affecting the human genome. CNVs influence critical genes involved in causing NDJ by altering their copy number which affects the clinical outcome. In this study influence of CNVs on critical meiotic recombination was examined using new computational technologies to assess their role in causing aneuploidy. Methods: This investigation was based on the analysis of 12 random normal populations consisting of 1714 individuals for aneuploid causing genes under CNV effect. To examine the effect of CNVs on genes causing aneuploidy, meiotic recombination genes were analyzed using EnrichR, WebGestalt and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). Results: Forty three NDJ genes were found under CNV burden; IPA (Ingenuity Pathway Analysis) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis of CNV in meiotic recombination genes revealed a significant role of breast cancer gene 1, amyloid protein precursor, mitogen-activated protein kinase and nerve growth factor as key molecular players involved in causing aneuploidy. Interaction between these genes with other CNV-overlapping genes involved in cell cycle, recombination and meiosis might lead to increased incidences of aneuploidy. Interpretation conclusions: The findings of this study implied that the effect of CNVs on normal genome contributed in amplifying the occurrences of chromosomal aneuploidies. The normal individuals consisting of variations in the susceptible genes causing aneuploids in the population remain undetected until the disorder genes express in the succeeding generations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aneuploidy, Copy number variations, Meiotic recombination, Non-disjunction
Subjects: B Life Science > Genetics and Genomics
Divisions: Department of > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: MUL SWAPNA user
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2019 10:15
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2019 10:15
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/3891

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