Evaluation of inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in asthma

Naik, Srilata Puru and Mahesh, P. A. and Jayaraj, B. S. and Madhunapantula, M. V. and Jahromi, Sarah Raeiszadeh and Yadav, Manish Kumar (2017) Evaluation of inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in asthma. Journal of Asthma, 54 (6). pp. 584-593. ISSN 1532-4303

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2016.1244828

Abstract

Even though IL-6 and MMP-9 are associated with airway inflammation in asthma, there is paucity of data in Indian population. Objective: To determine the levels of IL-6 and MMP-9 in the serum of patients suffering from asthma, and correlate with (a) disease severity, as per GINA guidelines; (b) clinical phenotypes; and (c) response to treatment. Methodology: The levels of IL-6 and MMP-9 were compared between moderate persistent asthma (n = 25), severe persistent asthma (n = 25) and normal controls (n = 30). IL-6 and MMP-9 were measured by ELISA (R&D Systems Inc., USA and Canada) and compared between controls and asthmatics and between groups of different asthma severity, clinical variables, spirometry, and allergen sensitization. Spirometry was repeated after 2 months of ICS+LABA to assess response to treatment in relation to baseline IL-6 and MMP-9 levels. Results: We observed a significant difference in both IL-6 and MMP-9 levels among asthmatics versus controls (p < 0.001), moderate versus severe persistent asthma (p < 0.001). A significant negative correlation was observed between MMP-9 and pre-bronchodilator FEV1 and FVC, but not with IL-6. There was no association between IL-6 and MMP-9 with asthma duration, total IgE, AEC, number of allergens sensitized and degree of sensitization. No significant correlation (p > 0.5) was observed with IL-6 and MMP-9 levels and FEV1 improvement after 2 months of ICS+LABA. Conclusion: Higher levels of IL-6 and MMP-9 were observed in asthmatics as compared to controls and in severe persistent asthma as compared to moderate persistent asthma, higher levels of MMP-9 was associated with lower lung functions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Asthma, biomarkers, immunopathogenesis, IL-6, MMP-9
Subjects: B Life Science > Genetics and Genomics
Divisions: Department of > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: MUL SWAPNA user
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2019 09:41
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2020 07:31
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/3885

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