Critical study on history of international cinema

Mahesh Chandra Guru, B. P. and Sapna, M. (2015) Critical study on history of international cinema. International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities, III (VII). pp. 284-299. ISSN 2321-7065

[img] Text (Full Text)
JMC_2015_Mah.pdf - Published Version

Download (519kB)


The history of film began in the 1820s when the British Royal Society of Surgeons made pioneering efforts. In 1878 Edward Muybridge, an American photographer, did make a series of photographs of a running horse by using a series of cameras with glass plate film and fast exposure. By 1893, Thomas A. Edison�s assistant, W.K.L.Dickson, developed a camera that made short 35mm films.In 1894, the Limiere brothers developed a device that not only took motion pictures but projected them as well in France. The first use of animation in movies was in 1899, with the production of the short film. The use of different camera speeds also appeared around 1900 in the films of Robert W. Paul and Hepworth.The technique of single frame animation was further developed in 1907 by Edwin S. Porter in the Teddy Bears. D.W. Griffith had the highest standing among American directors in the industry because of creative ventures. The years of the First World War were a complex transitional period for the film industry. By the 1920s, the United States had emerged as a prominent film making country. By the middle of the 19th century a variety of peephole toys and coin machines such as Zoetrope and Mutoscope appeared in arcade parlors throughout United States and Europe. By 1930, the film industry considerably improved its technical resources for reproducing sound. During the 1930s, color film stocks became widely used for the first time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Film Industry and Motion Pictures and Color Films
Subjects: A Arts and Humanities > Journalism and Mass Media Communication
Divisions: Department of > Journalism and Mass Communication
Depositing User: Users 19 not found.
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2019 07:02
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2019 07:02

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item