Response surface optimization for decaffeination and theophylline production by fusarium solani

Shwetha, N. and Bhatt, Praveena and Rastogi, Navin Kumar and Thakur, Munna Singh (2016) Response surface optimization for decaffeination and theophylline production by fusarium solani. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 178 (1). pp. 58-75. ISSN 1559-0291

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Coffee processing industries generate caffeine-containing waste that needs to be treated and decaffeinated before being disposed. Five fungal isolates obtained on caffeine-containing mineral media were tested for their ability to utilize caffeine at high concentrations. An isolate identified as Fusarium solani could utilize caffeine as a sole source of carbon and nitrogen up to 5 g/l and could degrade it to an extent of 30–53 % in 120 h. Sucrose that was added as an auxiliary substrate (5 g/l) enhanced the biodecaffeination of caffeine to 88 % in 96 h. The addition of co- substrate (sucrose) not only resulted in higher biodecaffeination efficiency, but also reduced the incubation period from the initial 120 to 96 h. Theophylline and 3-methyl xanthine were obtained as the major metabolites of decaffeination at 96 and 120 h, respectively. Response surface methodology used to optimize the process parameters for maximum biodecaffeination as well as theophylline production showed that a pH of 5.8, temperature of 24 °C and inoculum size of 4.8 × 105 spores/ml have resulted in a complete biodecaffeination of caffeine as well as the production of theophylline with a yield of 33 % (w/w). Results thus show that a viable and sustainable process can be developed for the detoxification of caffeine along with the recovery of theophylline, a commercially important chemical.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D Physical Science > Material Science
Divisions: Department of > Material Science
Depositing User: Manjula P Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2019 07:37
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2019 07:37

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