Endo-symbiont mediated synthesis of gold nanobactericides and their activity against human pathogenic bacteria

Syed, B. and Nagendra Prasad, M. N. and Mohan Kumar, K. and Dhananjaya, B. L. and Satish, S. (2017) Endo-symbiont mediated synthesis of gold nanobactericides and their activity against human pathogenic bacteria. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 52. 143 - 149. ISSN 1382-6689

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2017.03.016

Abstract

Synthesis of gold nanobactericides (AuNBs) were achieved by treating 1mM chloroaurate with cell free supernatant of Aneurinibacillus migulanus. Formation of AuNBs was initially was monitored with change in colour to ruby red. Further confirmation was assessed with UV–visible spectra with maximum absorption occurring at 510nm. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis revealed the polydispersity of AuNBs with size distribution ranging from 10 to 60nm with an average size of 30nm. Crystalline nature was studied using X-ray diffraction which exhibited characteristic peaks indexed to Bragg's reflection at 2θ angle which confers (111), (200), (220), and (311) planes suggesting AuNBs were face-centred cubic. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis revealed absorption peaks occurring at 3341cm−1, 1635cm−1 and 670cm−1 which corresponds to functional groups attributing to synthesis. The antibacterial efficacy of AuNBs was tested against selective human pathogenic bacteria and activity was measured as zone of inhibition by using disc and well diffusion. Bactericidal activity was interpreted with standard antibiotics gentamicin and kanamycin. Micro broth dilution assay expressed the minimal concentration of AuNBs to inhibit the growth of test pathogens. Highest activity was observed against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MTCC 7903) with 21.00±0.57mm compared to other pathogens. The possible mode of action of AuNBs on DNA was carried out with in vitro assay as preliminary test against pathogenic DNA isolated from P. aeruginosa. Further studies will be interesting enough to reveal the exact interactive mechanism of AuNBs with DNA. Overall study contributes towards biogenic synthesis of AuNBs as one of the alternative in combating drug resistant pathogens.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gold nanobactericides, Bactericidal activity, Human pathogens
Subjects: B Life Science > Microbiology
Divisions: Department of > Microbiology
Depositing User: MUL SWAPNA user
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2019 06:50
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2019 06:50
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/3637

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