Inhibition of constitutive NF-κB activity induces platelet apoptosis via ER stress

Paul, Manoj and Kemparaju, K. and Girish, K. S. (2017) Inhibition of constitutive NF-κB activity induces platelet apoptosis via ER stress. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 493 (4). 1471 - 1477. ISSN 0006-291X

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Platelets are anucleate cells, known for their pivotal roles in hemostasis, inflammation, immunity, and disease progression. Being anuclear, platelets are known to express several transcriptional factors which exert nongenomic functions, including the positive and negative regulation of platelet activation. NF-κB is one such transcriptional factor involved in the regulation of genes for survival, proliferation, inflammation and immunity. Although, the role NF-κB in platelet activation and aggregation is partially known, its function in management of platelet survival and apoptosis remain unexplored. Therefore, two unrelated inhibitors of NF-κB activation, BAY 11-7082 and MLN4924 were used to determine the role of NF-κB in platelets. Inhibition of NF-κB caused decreased SERCA activity and increased cytosolic Ca2+ level causing ER stress which was determined by the phosphorylation of eIF2-α. Further, there was increased BAX and decreased BCl-2 levels, incidence of mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, release of cytochrome c into cytosol, caspase activation, PS externalization and cell death in BAY 11-7082 and MLN4924 treated platelets. The obtained results demonstrate the critical role played by NF-κB in Ca2+ homeostasis and survival of platelets. In addition, the study demonstrates the potential side effects associated with NF-κB inhibitors employed during inflammation and cancer therapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Platelet, Apoptosis, NF-κB, ER stress, SERCA
Subjects: C Chemical Science > Biochemistry
Divisions: Department of > Biochemistry
Depositing User: C Swapna Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 09:57
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 09:04

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