Synthesis and antiproliferative studies of curcumin pyrazole derivatives

Puneeth, H. R. and Ananda, H. and Sharath Kumar, K. S. and Rangappa, K. S. and Sharada, A. C. (2016) Synthesis and antiproliferative studies of curcumin pyrazole derivatives. Medicinal Chemistry Research, 25 (9). pp. 1842-1854. ISSN 1554-8120

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A series of curcumin pyrazole derivatives (3a–e) were synthesized. The chemical structures were determined by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques and their purity was confirmed by LC–MS and melting point determination. The compounds were screened for anticancer effects on different cancer cell lines by MTT (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide) assay. The analogs demonstrated growth inhibitory effect on MCF-7, HeLa, and K562 cell lines with significant IC50 values. Compound 3b exhibited a high degree of cytotoxicity against cancer cells and minimum growth inhibitory effects against normal cells HEK293T and hence further, cell cycle analysis and mitochondrial membrane potential studies (JC-1 assay) were conducted by utilizing flow cytometry against K562 cells. This compound effectively arrested cell cycle progression at SubG1 phase and cells exhibited decreased membrane potential in a concentration-dependent manner with fluorescence shifting from red to green. Our findings suggest that compound 3b could be a promising anticancer agent since it effectively inhibited cell proliferation and can be selected for further in vitro and in vivo investigations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Chemical Science > Chemistry
Divisions: Department of > Chemistry
Depositing User: Manjula P Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 07:52
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 07:52

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