Tuning of band gap in TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles by selective doping for photocatalytic applications

Pasang, T. and Namratha, K. and Parvin, T. and Ranganathaiah, C. and Byrappa, K. (2015) Tuning of band gap in TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles by selective doping for photocatalytic applications. MATERIALS RESEARCH INNOVATIONS, 19 (1). pp. 73-80. ISSN 1433-075X

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1179/1433075X14Y.0000000217

Abstract

Metal oxide nanoparticles of TiO2 and ZnO were synthesised using mild hydrothermal solution routes (T=150-180 degrees C, P=autogeneous, in about 2-16 h) and selectively doped with (Ag+, Sn4+, Sb3+, In3+ = 1-5 M%) in the presence of hexylamine as additive or n-hexanol as surface modifier for tuning the band gap. The synthesised nanoparticles were characterised using powder XRD, UV-Vis, FTIR and SEM. For defects characterisation positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) was employed. X-ray diffraction results revealed that the nanoparticles are highly crystalline and homogeneous in composition. FTIR results demonstrated the presence of various functional groups in the doped TiO2 and ZnO. Doping of TiO2 and ZnO with Ag+ showed decrease in band gap energy to 2.98 eV from 3.31 eV (similar to 10%) and 3.25 eV from 3.37 eV (similar to 3.6%) respectively. This has resulted in improved efficiency for the photo degradation in the visible light region for doped TiO2 and ZnO. The authors observed good correlation between the defect densities as revealed by PALS data and tuned band gap energy by dopants.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D Physical Science > Physics
Divisions: Department of > Physics
Depositing User: Shrirekha N
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2019 10:47
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 10:47
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/3263

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