2,6-Dichloroisonicotinic acid enhances the expression of defense genes in tomato seedlings against Xanthomonas perforans

Chandrashekar, S. and Umesha, S. (2014) 2,6-Dichloroisonicotinic acid enhances the expression of defense genes in tomato seedlings against Xanthomonas perforans. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 86. pp. 49-56. ISSN 0885-5765

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2014.03.003

Abstract

Plant activation is an appealing disease management tool, avoiding some of the challenges of traditional chemical control by not directly impacting the pathogen. 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid (INA) was used as abiotic resistance inducer against bacterial spot disease of tomato caused by Xanthomonas perforans. Activities of Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and Catalase (CAT), increased in INA primed tomato seedlings, which were challenged with X.perforans and enzyme activities of APX and CAT reached maximum at 9hpi and 15hpi, in resistant cultivar whereas in highly susceptible they took 18hpi and 24hpi respectively. The transcripts accumulation studies for APX2 and CAT1 were carried out using semiquantitative PCR, with maximum mRNA accumulation in resistant cultivar upon INA priming. Quantitative real time-PCR (qRT-PCR) confirmed the maximum induction of both the genes in INA primed seedlings. Seed priming with 1.0mM INA effectively reduced disease severity in tomato plants under field conditions. Moreover, these enzyme activities were significantly increased in INA primed and X. perforans challenged tomato seedlings. Expression of APX2 and CAT1 genes, in tomato were rapidly and significantly up-regulated by INA priming. Furthermore, a subsequent challenge of INA primed seedlings with X.perforans resulted in higher expression of defense genes. However, the expression of defense genes was more in INA primed resistant cultivar than highly susceptible cultivar. Therefore, our results suggest that seed priming with INA could enhance disease protection against X.perforans infection in tomato through the activation of defense genes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of > Biotechnology
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2019 07:26
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 07:26
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/3184

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