Role of Pseudomonas fluorescens and INA against Black Rot of Cabbage

Umesha, S. and Roohie, R. K. (2017) Role of Pseudomonas fluorescens and INA against Black Rot of Cabbage. Journal of Phytopathology, 165 (4). pp. 265-275. ISSN 1439-0434

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Abstract Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) is an important vegetable crop among crucifers. It is affected by a bacterial disease known as black rot. Black rot is caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris a disease of worldwide importance. The present study highlights the effect of biotic inducer—Pseudomonas fluorescens—and an abiotic inducer—2,6-dichloro-isonicotinic acid—in combating black rot, followed by their effect on the seed treatment and disease incidence, role of antioxidant enzymes followed by validation of the defence-related genes by quantitative real-time PCR. The resistant (Pusa mukta) and the highly susceptible (NBH boss) cabbage cultivars were analysed for defence-related enzymes such as peroxidase and superoxide dismutase. An increase in total peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activity was observed upon inoculation with X. campestris pv. campestris. The activity was greater in resistant cultivar when compared to susceptible ones. Both enzyme activity assays and qPCR analyses for the expression of the defence genes in susceptible and resistant cultivars demonstrated that the peroxidase gene was up-regulated in resistant cultivar compared to susceptible cultivar. The present study proved that P. fluorescens-induced resistance against X. campestris pv. campestris in cabbage seedlings is more efficient as compared to the use of INA—abiotic inducer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2,6-dichloro-isonicotinic acid, black rot, cabbage, Pseudomonas fluorescens
Subjects: B Life Science > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of > Biotechnology
Depositing User: C Swapna Library Assistant
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 09:54
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 09:54

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