Crystal growth and dielectric, mechanical, electrical and ferroelectric characterization of n-bromo succinimide doped triglycine sulphate crystals

Rai, Chitharanjan and Byrappa, K. and Dharmaprakash, S. M. (2011) Crystal growth and dielectric, mechanical, electrical and ferroelectric characterization of n-bromo succinimide doped triglycine sulphate crystals. PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER, 406 (17). pp. 3308-3312.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2011.05.048

Abstract

Single crystals of triglycine sulphate (TGS) doped with n-bromo succinimide (NBS) were grown at ambient temperature by the slow evaporation technique. An aqueous solution containing 1-20 mol% of n-bromo succinimide as dopant was used for the growth of NBSTGS crystals. The incorporation of NBS in TGS crystals has been qualitatively confirmed by FTIR spectral data. The effect of the dopant on morphology and crystal properties was investigated. The cell parameters of the doped crystal were determined by the powder X-ray diffraction technique. The dielectric constant of NBS doped TGS crystal was calculated along the ferroelectric direction over the temperature range of 30-60 degrees C. The dielectric constant of NBSTGS crystals decrease with the increase in NBS concentration and considerable shift in the phase transition temperature (T-c) towards the higher temperature observed. Pyroelectric studies on doped TGS were carried out to determine the pyroelectric coefficient. The emergence of internal bias field due to doping was studied by collecting P-E hysteresis data. Temperature dependence of DC conductivity of the doped crystals was studied and gradual increase in the conductivity with the increase of dopant concentration was observed. The activation energy (Delta E) calculated was found to be lower in both the ferroelectric and the paraelectric phases for doped crystals compared to that of pure TGS. The micro-hardness studies were carried out at room temperature on thin plates cut perpendicular to the b-axis. Less doped TGS crystals show higher hardness values compared to pure TGS. Piezoelectric measurements were also carried out on 010 plates of doped TGS crystals at room temperature. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Doping; X-ray diffraction; Seed crystals; Ferroelectric; Hardness; Hysteresis
Subjects: F Earth Science > Geology
Divisions: Department of > Geography
Depositing User: lpa venkatesh user
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 11:34
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2020 07:08
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/2402

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