New Hyperbranched Polymers for Membranes of High-Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells: Determination of the Crystal Structure and Free-Volume Size

Bhadra, S. and Ranganathaiah, C. and Kim, N. H. and Kim, S. and Lee, J. H. (2011) New Hyperbranched Polymers for Membranes of High-Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells: Determination of the Crystal Structure and Free-Volume Size. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, 121 (2). pp. 923-929.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.33637

Abstract

The key requirements for a membrane in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells are a high ion conductivity, mechanical strength, and barrier properties. We reported earlier on two new promising hyperbranched polymers: poly(benzimidazole-co-aniline) (PBIANI), with a uniform rectangular net structure, and poly(benzimidazole-co-benzene) (PBIB), with a honeycomb structure. Both polymers exhibit a high ion conductivity and mechanical strength and have proven themselves suitable for the membranes of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. In this article, we deal with the determination of crystal structure and free-volume cell/microvoid size of these two polymers. Both PBIANI and PBIB had the same d-spacing (3.5 angstrom). However, the percentage of crystallinity was higher and the crystallite size was larger for PBIB. The kinetic diameters of hydrogen (2.89 angstrom), oxygen (3.46 angstrom), water (2.60 angstrom), and methanol (similar to 4.00 angstrom) were much larger than the free-volume cell/microvoid diameters of PBIANI (1.81 angstrom) and PBIB (1.96 angstrom) but much smaller than those of Nafion 115 (6.54 angstrom) and polybenzimidazole (PBI) (similar to 6.00 angstrom). The very small free-volume sizes of PBIANI and PBIB ensured good barrier properties against hydrogen, oxygen, water, and methanol, unlike those of Nafion-and PBI-type membranes. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 121: 923-929, 2011

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: charge transfer; conducting polymers; hyperbranched; membranes; X-ray
Subjects: Physical Sciences > Physics
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Physics
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2013 09:47
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2013 06:18
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/2243

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