Element mobility and behaviour of zircon during HT metasomatism of ferroan basic granulite at Ayyarmalai, South India: evidence for polyphase neoarchaean crustal growth and multiple metamorphism in the northeastern Madurai province

Raith, M. M. and Brandt, S. and Sengupta, P. and Berndt, J. and John, T. and Srikantappa, C. (2016) Element mobility and behaviour of zircon during HT metasomatism of ferroan basic granulite at Ayyarmalai, South India: evidence for polyphase neoarchaean crustal growth and multiple metamorphism in the northeastern Madurai province. Journal of Petrology, 57 (9). pp. 1729-1774. ISSN 0022-3530

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egw057

Abstract

An exposure of polyphase, Neoarchaean–early Palaeoproterozoic basement rocks has been identified in the northeastern part (10°53·44'N, 78°22·88'E) of the Madurai Province. The dominant migmatitic charnockite contains older enclaves of isoclinally folded syenitic biotite gneiss and boudinaged mafic dykes. A highly evolved (Mg# 10) and high field strength element (HFSE) + rare earth element (REE)-enriched ferroan basic dyke body exhibits a distinct mineralogical zonation produced during intense syn-boudinage infiltration metasomatism, coeval with high-grade metamorphism and anatexis of the host charnockite. Core domains that preserve an anhydrous granulite assemblage (domain A: garnet, clinopyroxene and minor plagioclase) grade through a narrow mineralogical transition zone (domain B) into a broad amphibole-rich rind (domain C: ferropargasite + K-feldspar ± plagioclase, quartz). Pseudosection modelling and thermobarometry yields P–T estimates of ∼800 °C, 8 kbar for the granulite-facies metamorphism (M1) and ∼730 °C, 7 kbar for the high-grade metasomatism (M2). The changes in fabric, mineral assemblage and whole-rock chemistry across domains A to C reveal near-isovolumetric–isochoric conditions of infiltration-driven metasomatism and an unusual enrichment in large ion lithophile elements (LILE), REE, and HFSE, causing prolific neoblastesis of apatite and zircon, and attest attainment of chemical equilibrium. Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) trace element analyses for major constituents and accessory phases in the metasomatic domains provide a new set of equilibrium distribution coefficients for the REE. LA-ICP-MS spot analyses of zircon in well-documented microstructural settings identified the following events: ∼2·67 Ga: intrusions of foid-bearing syenite and ferroan basic dykes during crustal extension; ∼2·6 Ga: high-grade metamorphism M1; ∼2·6 Ga: emplacement of voluminous arc-type intrusions (the protolith of charnockite); ∼2·48 Ga: high-grade metamorphism and anatexis M2 of the charnockite protolith and metasomatism of the ferroan metabasite. A distinct Pan-African overprint (M3, ∼610 Ma, 520 Ma) of the Palaeoproterozoic high-pressure rocks is manifested by hydration related to the exhumation of the deep-seated granulites to mid-crustal levels. This study confirms the continuation of Neoarchaean crust farther south beyond the perceived Palghat Cauvery shear zone system and contradicts the view that this shear zone system represents the Neoproterozoic–Cambrian suture zone along which the Mozambique Ocean was closed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: M3 - doi: 10.1093/petrology/egw057 [Field not mapped to EPrints] JO - Journal of Petrology [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Subjects: Physical Sciences > Earth Science
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Earth Science
Depositing User: Praveen Kumari B.L
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2017 06:24
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2017 06:24
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/19886

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