Actinomycetic Symbionts Inhabiting Euphorbia hirta L. with Antimicrobial Potentials

Baker, Syed and Nagendra Prasad, M. N. and Yashavantha Rao, H. C. and Rakshith, D. and Maithri , B. and Kavitha, K. S. and Azmath, Pasha and Kavitha, H. U. and Harini , B. P. and Komal Kumar, and Zarei, Mahsa and Satish, S. (2015) Actinomycetic Symbionts Inhabiting Euphorbia hirta L. with Antimicrobial Potentials. Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature, 5 (6). pp. 419-426.

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The present study envisions screening of endophytic actinomycetes inhabiting the medicinal plant Euphorbia hirta L. for antimicrobial activity against human pathogens. Surface sterilization of plants segments resulted in isolation of 46 endophytic actinomycetes. Recovery of endophytic actinomycetes was higher in root, followed by steam and leaves. Primary screening for antimicrobial activity resulted in five isolates expressing antimicrobial potentials against tested human pathogens during screening via dual culture and cross streaking methods. The strain displaying significant activity was selected as subject of interest and subjected to large scale fermentation. The cell free supernatant was used for solvent extraction with ethyl acetate to obtain organic phase which was reduced to obtain crude ethyl acetate. The crude extract was evaluated to determine antimicrobial activity using disc diffusion assay. The active fraction was partially purified with TLC and HPLC. The results obtained in present investigation displayed significant activity against all the test pathogens. Further partial purification of crude metabolites resulted in separation of active band bearing activity at Rf 0.8 displaying clear zone of inhibition against MRSA strain via bioautography. The HPLC chromatogram revealed elution of active fraction between 4.5 to 5 retention times displaying major peak. The result of present investigation is a preliminary finding which is promising enough for further characterization to reveal novel antimicrobial agent responsible for activity. The study also attributes towards biosynthetic potential of endophytic actinomycetes inhabiting Euphorbia hirta L. as repertoire of antimicrobial metabolites.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Agriculture Biological Sciences > Microbiology
University of Mysore > PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Agriculture Biological Sciences > Microbiology
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Microbiology
Depositing User: Ms. Manjula p
Date Deposited: 04 May 2016 05:44
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 05:44

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