Molecular characterization of an endophytic Phomopsis liquidambaris CBR-15 from Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. and impact of culture media on biosynthesis of antimicrobial metabolites

Yashavantha Rao, H. C. and Santosh, Parthasarathy and Rakshith, Devaraju and Satish, Sreedharamurthy (2015) Molecular characterization of an endophytic Phomopsis liquidambaris CBR-15 from Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. and impact of culture media on biosynthesis of antimicrobial metabolites. 3 Biotech, 5 (2). pp. 165-173. ISSN 2190-5738

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13205-014-0204-2

Abstract

An endophytic fungus Phomopsis liquidambaris CBR-15, was isolated from Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. (Asclepiadaceae) and identified by its characteristic culture morphology and molecular analysis of the ITS region of rDNA and intervening 5.8S rRNA gene. The impact of different culture media on biosynthesis of antimicrobial metabolites was tested by disc diffusion assay. Polyketide synthase gene (PKS) of the endophytic fungus was investigated using three pairs of degenerate primers LC1–LC2c, LC3–LC5c and KS3–KS4c by PCR. TLC-bioautography method was employed to detect the antimicrobial metabolites. Antimicrobial metabolites fractionated with ethyl acetate extract showed significant antimicrobial activity against the test bacteria and fungi. Biosynthesis of antimicrobial metabolites was optimum as depicted by zone of inhibition from ethyl acetate extract cultured in potato dextrose broth. Strain CBR-15 was identified as Phomopsis liquidambaris and PKS genes of the fungus were amplified with LC3–LC5c and KS3–KS4c sets of degenerate primers. These findings suggest that endophytic P. liquidambaris CBR-15 harbor iterative type I fungal PKS gene domain which indicates the biosynthetic potential of endophytic fungi as producers of natural antimicrobial metabolites. The study also demonstrates the utilization and optimization of different culture media which best supports for the biosynthesis of the antimicrobial metabolites from P. liquidambaris.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: JO - 3 Biotech [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Subjects: Agriculture Biological Sciences > Microbiology
University of Mysore > PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Agriculture Biological Sciences > Microbiology
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > Microbiology
Depositing User: Ms. Manjula p
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 10:40
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2016 10:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/18572

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