Whole-exome sequencing and homozygosity mapping identify variants in NCOR1 and MAP2K3 associated with non-syndromic congenital heart defects

Gholipoorfeshkecheh, R. and Agarwala, S. and Kavya, G. and Krishnappa, S. and Savitha, M. R. and Ramachandra, N. B. (2020) Whole-exome sequencing and homozygosity mapping identify variants in NCOR1 and MAP2K3 associated with non-syndromic congenital heart defects. Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics, 21 (1).

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Homozygosity mapping is an efficient gene mapping method applicable to recessive disorders. It can detect homozygous segments of identical haplotype structures shared at a higher frequency among ventricular septal defect (VSD) and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) cases. This study aims to identify the recessive genes involved in congenital heart disease (CHD) cases by homozygosity mapping. A total of 36 CHD cases of Indian origin were recruited based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, disease severity, and hole size. Of these, ten prediagnosed VSD and TOF cases were selected for homozygosity mapping. For in silico validation of variations, overlapping gene variants were analyzed from 26 cases based on pathogenecity and haploinsufficiency scores. Results: Genome-wide homozygosity mapping identified 34 homozygous regions with a maximum block length of 80 bp marked for the CHD samples under study. A total of 4863 genes were identified in these 34 homozygous regions, which were present across almost all chromosomes except chromosomes 4, 8, 12, and 13. The homozygosity region found in chromosome 17 revealed genes for CHD manifestation. This homozygous region contained VSD- and TOF- related genes—Nuclear Corepressor 1 (NCOR1) and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase 3 (MAP2K3). In silico validation identified damaging variants for NCOR1 and MAP2K3. Three variants, G207C, C241T, and G244A, were found on exon 2 in the transcript NM_001190438 for NCOR1. Three variants were also found for MAP2K3, namely G194T and C199T in exon 5 and C578T in exon 8 in the transcript NM_002756. All these variants were present in the protein kinase domain. Conclusion: Presence of homozygous regions identifies recessive genes leading to disease severity. Defects in recessivegenes NCOR1 and MAP2K3 are responsible for abnormal myogenesis, resulting in CHD manifestation. Keywords: Homozygous regions, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3, Nuclear Corepressor, Ventricular septal defect, Whole-exome sequencing, In silico validation

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: B Life Science > Genetics and Genomics
Divisions: Department of > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Umendra uom
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 06:28
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2022 09:55
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/15813

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