Philosophy of punishment in Criminology:A historical review

Khatun, Nurjahan and Islam, Mohammed Jahirul and Banarjee, Subrata and Paul, Moumita (2013) Philosophy of punishment in Criminology:A historical review. Journal of Media and Social Development, 1 (1). pp. 79-94. ISSN 2320-8244

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From the dawn of human civilization, the existence of crimeand punishment are acutely noticeable. Paradoxically, crime and punishment are interrelated termed with each other in contemporary criminology. The prime objective of the study is to identify the changing nature and forms of the philosophy of punishment from historical perspectives. Moreover, the study also tried to find out the associated factors, which contribute to the philosophical change from ancient period to modern age. The review paper is based on secondary sources as well as historical documents like journal articles, authentic books. There are three basic eras perceptible in accordance with the historical viewpoint which are pre classical, classical and modern having retributive, deterrent, rehabilitative and re-integrative philosophies of punishment respectively. The nature of punishment changed due to the impact of political movement especially the French Revolution, industrialization, advancement of science and technology, advent of law enforcing agencies viz., police, courts, and correction systems. Although, the modern philosophy ofpunishment is re-integrative and rehabilitative, but still punishment itself is a debatable issues from different points of view such as existentialism and postmodernism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Punishment; Philosophy of Punishment; Factors ofPunishment; Deterrence.
Subjects: A Arts and Humanities > Political Science
Divisions: Department of > Political Science
Depositing User: Dr Raju C
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2021 11:47
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2021 11:47

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