Inclusion of the excluded in education: an inter state analysis of universal elementary education in India

Indira, M. and Prasad, R. (2013) Inclusion of the excluded in education: an inter state analysis of universal elementary education in India. Journal of Media and Social Development, 1 (1). pp. 27-39. ISSN 2320-8244

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Development history of various countries has shown that Education is an essential instrument in uplifting the society from its different social and economic problems. Elementary Education is a fundamental right in Indian Constitution. Significant attempts have been made in the world in general and India in particular for achieving the Universal Elementary Education (UEE). World summits like Education for All (EFA) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) gave strong foundation for UEE and gender equality in educational opportunity. In this context an attempt has been made to understand the performance of states in Inclusion of the Excluded in education. In this analysis girls and different religious and social groups are considered as excluded group. The important objective is to evaluate the performance of different states in the inclusion of this excluded group in education through the implementation of Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA). It is based on available secondary data. Regression model has been used to understand the factors responsible for differential performance of the states. It is observed that educationally backward states have improved their expenditure on education considerably after the introduction of SSA. Lower Gender Parity Index indicating higher gender gap is observed in educationally poor states. Enrolment of Muslim students has improved significantly compared to other social groups. State expenditure on education, per capita income, sex ratio, NSDP and Girls enrolment found to be significant in explaining the differential performance of the states.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Education, Educational expenditure, Gender disparity and Social Group Disparity JEL Classification, General Education, Educational Finance, Education and Inequality
Subjects: A Arts and Humanities > Economics
Divisions: Department of > Economics and Cooperation
Depositing User: Dr Raju C
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2021 11:56
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2021 11:56

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