Effect of ethylene carbonate on properties of PVP-CsAlO2-LiClO(4)solid polymer electrolytes

Saeed, Adel Morshed Nagi and Hezam, Abdo and Al-Gunaid, Murad Q. A. and Somesh, T. E. and Siddaramaiah (2020) Effect of ethylene carbonate on properties of PVP-CsAlO2-LiClO(4)solid polymer electrolytes. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Materials, 60 (2). pp. 132-146. ISSN 2574-089X

[img] Text
Effect of ethylene carbonate on properties of PVP CsAlO2 LiClO4 solid polymer electrolytes.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (11MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/257408...


Solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) have been widely studied due to its extensive applications in high energy rechargeable batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, photoelectrochemical and electrochromic displays. Herein, SPEs based on polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) doped with cesium aluminate (CsAlO2) nanoparticles (NPs), lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) as an electrolyte and varying amounts viz., 2, 4, 6 and 8 wt.% of ethylene carbonate (EC) as plasticizer have been fabricated by solution intercalation technique. The structural features of PVP-CsAlO2-LiClO4-EC SPEs have been studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The morphology of PVP-CsAlO2-LiClO4-EC SPEs has been examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The thermal properties of the SPEs were characterized by the thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) techniques. The TGA and DSC results revealed that a significant reduction in thermal stability and glass transition temperature (T-g) of PVP with an increase in EC content in SPE films. The optoelectrical properties of PVP-CsAlO2-LiClO4-EC SPE films have been evaluated using UV-visible spectroscopy. The band gap energy (E-g) was found to decrease with an increase in EC content, exhibiting a minimum of 4.23 eV for PVP-8 wt.% CsAlO2-15 wt.% LiClO4-8 wt.% EC. This could be ascribed to the formation of localized states and increased degree of disorder in the PVP-CsAlO2-LiClO4SPE films. The integrated plasticizers increase the values of refractive index (RI), optical conductivity, and dielectric constants of PVP-CsAlO2-LiClO4SPE films. The AC conductivity of the SPEs has been evaluated at room temperature using digital LCR meter in the frequency range 100 Hz - 5 MHz. The conductivity strongly depends on CsAlO(2)NPs and EC plasticizer content in SPEs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D Physical Science > Material Science
Divisions: Department of > Material Science
Depositing User: Mr Umendra uom
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2021 05:23
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2021 05:23
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/15547

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item