Sexual segment of the kidney of the lizard, Eutropis carinata: A light microscopic and ultrastructural seasonal study

Shanthakumar, Samson and Mahadevaiah, Bhagya and Bhadravathi, Chandrasekhar Sagar and Aranha, Ivan (2020) Sexual segment of the kidney of the lizard, Eutropis carinata: A light microscopic and ultrastructural seasonal study. Journal of Morphology, 282 (2). pp. 262-277. ISSN 1097-4687

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Abstract

We studied seasonal variation of the secretory granules in the epithelial cells of the sexual segment of the kidney (SSK) during the annual sexual cycle in the lizard, Eutropis carinata using light and electron microscopy in correlation with measurements of androgen levels. During the breeding phase, the epithelium of the SSK consists of simple columnar cells with basal nuclei. The cytoplasm contains numerous eosinophilic secretory protein and carbohydrate granules, but lacks glycosaminoglycans. These secretory granules develop during the regenerative phase when the circulating testosterone level increase. During the breeding phase, when the circulating testosterone levels are high, three types of secretory granules can be differentiated in the cytoplasm based on size and opacity; electron translucent type I, electron dense type II, and biphasic type III granules. Type II granules are found at various stages of maturity and degeneration/utilization. All types of secretory granules are released through an apocrine process. Microvilli and tight junctions are prominent at the apical portion of the cell. The cytoplasm contains, Golgi complexes, an abundant network of rough endoplasmic reticulum, numerous tubular mitochondria, condensing, mucus filled and empty vacuoles. Intercellular canaliculi are narrow and indistinct during the regenerative and breeding phases, respectively. During the regressed phase, when the circulating testosterone levels are lowest, the cells are found regressed with wide intercellular canaliculi and devoid of secretory granules. Then the cytoplasm contains a few round mitochondria, Golgi and scanty endoplasmic reticulum.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Zoology
Divisions: Department of > Zoology
Depositing User: Mr Umendra uom
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2021 05:15
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2021 05:15
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/15457

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