Inhibition of calmodulin-dependent enzymes in rat-brain by hexachlorocyclohexane

Basavarajappa, B. S. and Bharathi P. Salimath (1990) Inhibition of calmodulin-dependent enzymes in rat-brain by hexachlorocyclohexane. Pesticide Science, 29 (4). pp. 397-404. ISSN 1526-4998

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Ca2+ homeostasis is one of the major regulatory mechanisms operating in the nervous system, with calmodulin translating the Ca2+ message into cellular response. To check if hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) acts as a calmodulin antagonist in the nervous system of rats, the in‐vitro effect of HCH on calmodulin‐dependent Ca2+‐ATPase and cAMP‐phosphodiesterase (PDE) in rat brain has been studied. In the membrane fraction from rat brain, a basal activity of Ca2+‐ATPase was obtained in the absence of Ca2+. Inclusion of Ca2+ (1 mM) increased the enzyme activity by 70%. Further, addition of fluphenazine, a potent calmodulin antagonist, inhibited the Ca2+‐dependent enzyme activity (IC50 = 85 μM), demonstrating the calmodulin dependence of the enzyme activity. The Ca2+‐ and calmodulin‐dependent Ca2+‐ATPase was inhibited by HCH in a dose‐dependent manner (IC50 = 80–90 μM). Ca2+‐ and calmodulin‐dependent cAMP‐PDE from the cytosolic fraction of rat brain was inhibited by HCH (340 μM) by 79%. Addition of excess calmodulin reversed the inhibitory effects of HCH or fluphenazine on Ca2+‐ATPase and cAMP‐PDE, suggesting their direct interaction with calmodulin. By fluorescence interaction studies it has been shown that HCH interacts directly with calmodulin. These studies show that HCH may modulate the intracellular concentration of Ca2+ and cAMP, by decreasing the effectiveness of calmodulin towards its effector enzymes, resulting in an altered signal transduction in the nervous system

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agronomy; Entomology
Subjects: C Chemical Science > Biochemistry
Divisions: Department of > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Dr Raju C
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2021 09:42
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2022 11:17

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