A critical study of mediaeval muslim chronicles

Krishnaswamiengar, B. S. (1945) A critical study of mediaeval muslim chronicles. The half – yearly journal of the Mysore University: Section A- Arts, 6 (1). pp. 7-16.

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The Muslim Chronicles of the Medieval Period in India throw a flood of light upon various aspects of social and economic life of the people. A careful and dispassionate study of the chronicles indicate how the Muslim writers of this period did not in any way attempt to glorify the rule of the Muslim kings to an inordinate extent and paint the condition of the Hindus in darker colour. Where praise was due, they were unstinted; where blame was necessary, they were not found wanting. Sir H. M. Elliot in his pre¬face to the History of India as told by its own Historians, observes, " Of domestic history also we have in our Indian annalists absolutely nothing, and the same may be remarked of nearly all Muhammadan historians except Ibu Khalduv. By them society is never contemplated whether in its con¬ventional usages or recognised privileges; its constituent elements or neutral relations; in its established classes or popular institutions; in its private recesses or habitual intercourses. In notices of commerce, agriculture, internal police, and local judicature, they are equally deficient. A fact, an anecdote, a speech, a remark, which would illustrate the condition of the common people, or of any rank subordinate to the highest, is considered too insignificant to be suffered to intrude upon a relation which concerns only grandees and ministers, thrones iiid imperial powers ".1 It is difficult to agree with this view of Sir H.M. Elliot, as a critical study of such Muslim chronicles like Nuzhatu-I Mushtak. of Al-Idrisi, Futuhu-i BuWan of Al Biiaduri, Chach Nama of Muhammad Ali Kufi, Tabakati-Nasiri of Minhaju-s Siraj, Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi of Barani and Shams-i-Siraj Afif, to mention only a few, convinces IP how they did not fail to notice the life of the common people and how in certain respects, a high standard of admin-istration was maintained by the Sultans of Delhi. An attempt is made in the following pages to sketch some of the most interesting observations of the Muslim Historians of India.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences > History & Archeology
Divisions: PG Campuses > Manasagangotri, Mysore > History
Depositing User: Kruthi M.S
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2013 06:30
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2013 06:30
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/14974

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