Photocatalytic dye degradation and biological activities of the Fe2O3/Cu2O nanocomposite

Abhilash, M. R. and Akshatha, G. and Srikantaswamy, S. (2019) Photocatalytic dye degradation and biological activities of the Fe2O3/Cu2O nanocomposite. RSC Advances, 9 (15). pp. 8557-8568. ISSN 2046-2069

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The present study reports the synthesis of the Fe2O3/Cu2O nanocomposite via a facile hydrothermal route. The products were characterized using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) techniques. The composition, morphology and structural features of the nanoparticles were found to be size-dependent due to the temperature response in the particular time log during hydrothermal synthesis. HR-TEM confirmed the formation of hexagonal rod-shaped bare Cu2O, rhombohedral-shaped Fe2O3 and composite assembly. Rhodamine-B (RB) and Janus green (JG) were chosen as model dyes for the degradation studies. Photocatalytic degradation of the dyes was deliberated by altering the catalyst and dye concentrations. The results showed that the Rhodamine-B (RB) and Janus green (JG) dyes were degraded within a short time span. The synthesized materials were found to be highly stable in the visible light-driven degradation of the dyes; showed antibacterial activity against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, Staph. aureus and B. subtilis; and exhibited less toxicity against the Musmusculus skin melanoma cells (B16-F10). The fusion of these advantages paves the way for further applications in energy conversion, biological applications as well as in environmental remediation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Environmental Science
Divisions: Department of > Environmental Science
Department of > Material Science
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2020 09:40
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 09:40

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